The date of Deepavali is determined by the Hindu lunar calendar, Diwali date changes every year as the day is calculated according to the position of the moon. According to Hindu reckoning, the date of Diwali falls on 15th day of the dark fortnight in the auspicious Hindu month of Kartik or the month of October/November in English calendar. This Diwali day falls on the amavasya or the no moon day. Diwali date comes 20 days after the popular festival of Dussehra or Vijaya Dashmi.
Diwali, or Deepavali, is an official public holiday in many parts of India and is part of a five-day Hindu observance known as the ‘Festival of Lights’.
Day 1 – Dhanteras – the start of the financial year for most Indian businesses and is also the day of worship of the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi.
Day 2 – Naraka Chaturdasi – this is the day of cleansing. Oil baths are taken, people put on new clothes and food delicacies are prepared.
Day 3 – Diwali – The day of the new moon – Amavasya – and the official day of the Diwali holiday.
Day 4 – Kartika Shudda Padyami – the day recognised for when the tyrant, Bali, stepped out of hell and ruled the earth.
Day 5 – Yama Dvitiya (or Bhai Dooj) is the day when love is symbolised between brothers and sisters.
Diwali or Deepavali the “festival of lights” is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated in every year. Diwali 2016 on Sunday, October 30, 2016. The festival spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness or good over evil, knowledge over ignorance, and hope over despair. Diwali celebration includes millions of lights shining on housetops, outside doors and windows, around temples and other buildings in the communities. Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate, and decorate their homes and offices.
On Diwali night, Hindus dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) typically to Lakshmi – the goddess of fertility and prosperity.
Mainly Diwali celebrated in India but some other countries like Malesia, Singapore also celebrate festival of lights.